Wenn (1989) suggests the media has had a positive and negative influence on sport. There are reported incidences of rugby league commentators who suggested that it was acceptable for two players to engage in violent behaviour on the sports field because it is a man’s game. At the same time popular media defends its position on reporting violence in sport by suggesting that they do not glamorise violence, and insisting that the public has the right to know. Research has indicated that popular media footage has assisted in tracking down perpetrators of violent acts off the field. The media, especially television cameras dissuade violence both on and off the sports field by players and fans.
Has the introduction of closed-circuit television (CCTV) in many of the larger western cities changed the nature of violence and aggression in the public domain? Unlike traditional television, CCTV is not publically distributed but is run through either coaxial or wireless, the camera, display monitors, and recording devices are directly connected. CCTV is used to protect the security of crowds in public spaces such as malls, sports arenas, and streets.
Violent behaviour at football matches has become a major concern for the British Government over the past twenty five to thirty years. There has also been an increase in organised violence at football matches in Australia in recent years. Organised gangs arrange fights prior or after football matches where the participants may be injured or fatally wounded. The introduction of CCTV into the football grounds has reduced the outbreak of gang related violence during games, but the problems still persists after the matches under the cover of darkness.
Adding further complication is the police as an institution. The police have status and the way they define a situation is taken as authoritative and they, “channel our perceptions into forms compatible with the situations they authorise.” The police offer solutions based only on their limited range of experience, which means more control, greater power, and more surveillance. Social research has suggested that discipline can only be imposed by three principal methods: hierarchical observation, normalizing judgement, and examination. CCTV surveillance can imply a hierarchical observation and invite comparisons with Bentham’s nineteenth-century design for the new model panopticon penitentiary.
Christopher Swane - Counselling And Psychotherapy For Men - Wellington New Zealand